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Brecht, Bertolt
Brecht, Bertolt

Bertolt Brecht was born in Augsburg, Germany on February 10, 1898, and died in Berlin on August 14, 1956. He grew to maturity as a playwright in the frenetic years of the twenties and early thirties, with the plays MAN EQUALS MAN, THE THREEPENNY OPERA, MAHOGONNY, and THE MOTHER. He left Germany when Hitler came to power in 1933, eventually reaching the United States in 1941, where he remained until 1947. It was during this period of exile that the masterpieces LIFE OF GALILEO, MOTHER COURAGE, THE CAUCASIAN CHALK CIRCLE and PUNTILA were written. Shortly after his return to Europe in 1947 with his wife, Helene Weigel, he founded the Berliner Ensemble, becoming its executive director, and from then until his death Brecht was mainly occupied in producing and directing his own plays there.

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      In 1961, THE THREEPENNY OPERA closed on Broadway after 2,611 performances.
      In 1928 THE THREEPENNY OPERA had its world premiere in the original German as DIE DREIGROSCHENOPER at Berlin's Theater am Schiffbauerdamm, where it played over 400 performances. The musical play's instant popularity and artistry launched the international careers of playwright Bertolt Brecht and composer Kurt Weill.
      In 1954, THE THREEPENNY OPERA opened on Broadway for its first successful American premiere in a translation by Marc Blitzstein. Composer Kurt Weill's wife Lotte Lenya reprised her iconic role as Jenny, and won a 1955 Tony Award for her portrayal. The show ran for 2,611 performances.
      The birthday of Bertolt Brecht, the revolutionary poet and playwright who collaborated with composer Kurt Weill to create their iconic work THE THREEPENNY OPERA. Brecht was born in Germany in 1898.